Lead Poisoning

Program Services Provided by NvCLPPP

Education and Intervention

The Health Information Specialist provides information about lead poisoning to the public and Health Care Providers. This includes:

  • Information about lead and its sources
  • General idea of what lead poisoning looks like
  • How to prevent and protect yourself from lead poisoning
  • Who is at risk
  • Harm of lead poisoning
  • Lead Care II testing in Nevada

Connects

The Health Information Specialist connects families and their child(ren) who are affected by lead poisoning.

  • Provide services to and follow lead-exposed children
  • Provides that health professionals and/or clinical providers with guidance documents for follow up care of children with elevated blood lead levels (EBLL)
  • Links families with EBLL to services to mitigate effects of high blood lead levels.
  • Aids in follow up services, unless those services are refused
  • Conduct education and outreach to parents of lead-exposed children and connect them to community services.

Case Management

Based on a child’s blood lead level, the CLPPP provided Case Management. These services included:

  • Monitoring medical care, including regular blood tests, until lead exposure is lower than 5 µg/dL.
  • Coordination of medical care such as lead exposure treatment or hospitalization, if required.
  • Educating family members about lead hazards and ways to decrease lead exposure.
  • Support services such as developmental referrals and WIC/Nutritional referrals.

Environmental Lead Investigation

If a child has been tested with an elevated blood lead level, the CLPPP contacted the family to schedule a thorough environmental investigation of all possible sources of lead in order to protect the child from further exposure and harm.

Environmental investigations were performed by an EPA-certified lead risk assessor. The risk assessor interviewed the family to determine where the child may have come into contact with lead, and will then tested these items/areas. Our staff coordinated the home visits at times that were convenient for the family.

Lead Inspections for Homes Built Before 1978

A lead risk assessment is an on-site visual inspection and environmental sampling of paint, dust and soil to determine the existence, nature, severity and location of a lead-based paint hazard.

The risk assessor provided a report explaining the investigation results, suggested ways to reduce lead-based paint hazards and recommended acceptable strategies for controlling any hazards identified. In Nevada, only an EPA-certified risk assessor can perform a risk assessment. A lead risk assessment is not intended to identify all lead painted surfaces in a housing unit and cannot be used to certify or guarantee that a unit is “lead free”.

Lead Surveillance

The CLPPP Surveillance Coordinator received reports of lead exposure from physicians and laboratories operating in Clark County. The information helped determine the extent of childhood lead poisoning in the community and guided education and prevention efforts.

This publication was supported by the Grant or Cooperative Agreement Number, 1 NUE2EH001366-01-00, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Department of Health and Human Services.

Page last reviewed: May 24, 2018

Page last updated: May 24, 2018

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