Public Health: Nevada vs the Nation

Ranking: Nevada ranked 37th in 2013 and previously ranked 38th in 2012.

Strengths: Nevada’s obesity rate is lower than most other states. However, more than 560,000 adults are obese in the state. In the past year the prevalence of smoking decreased from 22.9 percent to 18.1 percent of adults and the prevalence of binge drinking decreased from 18.6 percent to 15.1 percent of adults. In the past 5 years, the rate of preventable hospitalization decreased by 14 percent from 65.3 to 57.3 discharges per 1,000 Medicare patients. In the past 10 years, the rate of cardiovascular deaths decreased by 25 percent  from 340.0 to 271.9 deaths per 100,000 population.

Challenges: Nevada’s challenges include a low high school graduation rate with 57.8 percent of incoming ninth graders who graduate within four years, a high violent crime rate at 607.6 offenses per 100,000 population, low immunization coverage with 65.3 percent of children ages 19 to 35 months receiving complete immunizations, low public health funding at $37.22 per person and high geographic disparity within the state at 21.9 percent. Nevada ranks higher for determinants than for health outcomes, indicating that overall healthiness has been improving.

Significant Changes: In the past 10 years, the rate of children living in poverty increased from 9.1 percent to 22.7 percent of persons younger than 18 years.  In the past 5 years,  the rate of uninsured population increased from 18.4 percent to 23.0 percent of the population.

Health Disparities: In Nevada, 52.1 percent of adults aged 25 years and older with at least a high school education report their health is very good or excellent compared to only 21.9 percent with less than a high school education, resulting in a gap of 30.2 percent.

Nevada Division of Public and Behavioral Health Web Site (Formerly the Nevada State Health Division): health.nv.gov

(Statistics, data and rankings from the United Health Foundation’s “America’s Health Rankings.” See page 104 for Nevada’s data for 2013.)

Nevada’s Determinants

2012

Value

2012

Rank

No. 1 State

Behaviors
Prevalence of Smoking (Percent of population) 18.1 18 10.6
Prevalence of Binge Drinking (Percent of population) 15.1 13 10.2
Prevalence of Obesity (Percent of population) 26.2 17 20.5
High School Graduation (Percent of incoming ninth graders) 57.8 50 91.4
Community & Environment
Violent Crime (Offenses per 100,000 population) 608 49 123
Occupational Fatalities (Deaths per 100,000 workers) 5.1 31 1.9
Infectious Disease (Cases per 100,000 population) -0.89 2 -0.90
Children in Poverty (Percent of persons under age 18) 22.7 35 9.7
Air Pollution (Micrograms of fine particles per cubic meter) 9.1 22 5.3
Public & Health Policies
Lack of Health Insurance (Percent without health insurance) 23.0 49 3.8
Public Health Funding (Dollars per person) $37 $50 $225
Immunization Coverage (Percent of children ages 19 to 35 months) 65.3 38 80.2
 Immunization Coverage (Percentage aged 13-17 years)  63.3 24 82.0
Clinical Care
Low Birthweight (percent of live births) 8.2 27 6.0
Primary Care Physicians (Number per 100,000 population) 84.5 47 196.1
Preventable Hospitalizations (Number per 1,000 Medicare enrollees) 57.3 16 27.4
 Dentist (Number per 100,000 population) 53.6 32 85.6
All Derterminants
-0.29 39 0.70

Health Outcomes

Poor Mental Health Days (Days in previous 30 days) 4.1 35 2.8
Poor Physical Health Days (Days in previous 30 days) 4.2 34 2.9
Geographic Disparity (Relative standard deviation) 30.2 31 19.7
Infant Mortality (Deaths per 1,000 live births) 5.7 18 4.4
Cardiovascular Deaths (Deaths per 100,000 population) 271.9 35 186.9
Cancer Deaths (Deaths per 100,000 population) 191.3 25 141.3
Premature Death (Years lost per 100,000 population) 7,727 32 5,493
Diabetes (Percent of adult population) 8.9 15 7.0
All Health Outcomes -0.01 31 .33
Overall -0.29 37 0.92

United Health Foundation’s America’s Health Ranking 2013 report with full report on Nevada: Click here 

United Health Foundation’s America’s Health Ranking 2015 report with full report on Nevada: Click Here